The issue with "self-plagiarism" (sometimes called "recycling fraud") is that you did not do what you said you did. If Professor Smith assigns a five-page paper and Professor Jones assigns a five-page paper, but you only wrote one, you did not actually write two papers, so you do not deserve credit for writing two papers. If you failed a course from Professor Brown, then retook the course from Professor Black and resubmitted papers from the first course, you were not doing the work assigned by Professor Black.
For us, here at Ashland University, we're bound by the Academic Integrity Policy which states, in part, that "Using a portion of a piece of work previously submitted for another course or program to meet the requirement of the present course or program without the approval of the instructor involved" is an example of "intentional falsification." This means that two different practices are forbidden:
The reason these are considered unethical is that academic degrees are awarded on the assumption that you have done a certain amount of work and mastered a certain body of learning. Double submissions defeat that purpose.
This page from the Rutgers University Business School is an excellent explanation of the reasons professors forbid double submissions. I would like to call your attention to two things about the Rutgers page:
No. If you came up with a brilliant idea for your introduction and wrote it down, you don't have to cite your own work. "Self-Plagiarism" refers to double submissions.
However, if you attend a lecture or interview someone and take notes, give proper credit to the source (the lecturer or the interviewee). MLA has a way to include this sort of item in the Works Cited page; APA does not, but you can still introduce the material in the body of your paper with a comment about the source.
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The contents of this page have not been reviewed or approved by Ashland University.
Revised 11/28/17 • Page author: Curtis Allen • e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.