Sample In-text Citations

MLA citation style often provides alternatives, and the distinction between them is largely a matter of taste. Do notice the location of the punctuation.

Several ways of referring to an author

One of Carson's most important claims is that Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, esse esse valetudo epulae neo illum vindico vero duis interdico (98).

One author claims that Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, esse esse valetudo epulae neo illum vindico vero duis interdico (Carson 98).

In his article, Moore says, "Adipiscing feugait os exputo nibh opes iusto duis scisco ingenium vindico inhibeo ea nisl facilisis" (412). He also mentions that iusto duis scisco ingenium vindico (411).

Egan and Mullin argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning (412).

The authors claim that surface reading looks at what is "evident, perceptible, apprehensible in texts" (Egan and Mullin 412).

Here's how it looks if you have a very long quote

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, esse esse valetudo epulae neo illum vindico vero duis interdico. Abluo veniam minim molior obruo nulla volutpat, commodo neo praesent abbas ut typicus quis. Hos at, suscipere caecus laoreet, occuro commodo dolore adipiscing ad augue laoreet duis. Meus vicis nulla bene tincidunt lobortis interdico. Accumsan gravis abico brevitas amet ibidem. Adipiscing feugait os exputo nibh opes. Carson adds:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, esse esse valetudo epulae neo illum vindico vero duis interdico. Abluo veniam minim molior obruo nulla volutpat, commodo neo praesent abbas ut typicus quis. Hos at, suscipere caecus laoreet, occuro commodo dolore adipiscing ad augue laoreet duis. Meus vicis nulla bene tincidunt lobortis interdico. Accumsan gravis abico brevitas amet ibidem. Adipiscing feugait os exputo nibh opes iusto. (123)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, esse esse valetudo epulae neo illum vindico vero duis interdico. Abluo veniam minim molior obruo nulla volutpat, commodo neo praesent abbas ut typicus quis. Hos at, suscipere caecus laoreet, occuro commodo dolore adipiscing ad augue laoreet duis. Meus vicis nulla bene tincidunt lobortis interdico. Accumsan gravis abico brevitas amet ibidem. Adipiscing feugait os exputo nibh opes iusto.

Do not panic if you don't have an author

Apparently, politics and climate opinion are closely related ("People's Views" 398).


Works Cited

Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. 50th Anniversary ed., Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Egan, Patrick J., and Megan Mullin. "Recent Improvement and Projected Worsening of Weather in the United States." America Now, edited by Robert Atwan, 12th ed., Bedford/St. Martin's, 2017, pp. 412-13. Originally published in Nature, 21 Apr. 2016.

Moore, Patrick. "Why I Am a Climate Change Skeptic." America Now, edited by Robert Atwan, 12th ed., Bedford/St. Martin's, 2017, pp. 401-03. Originally published in Heartland, 20 Mar. 2015.

"People's Views on Climate Change Go Hand in Hand with Their Politics." America Now, edited by Robert Atwan, 12th ed., Bedford/St. Martin's, 2017, pp. 398-99. Originally published in The Economist, 28 Nov. 2015.